如何把文件提交给接口上传到服务器(php版)

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1.接口地址:https://www.wlphp.com/myblog_demo/api/uploadfile/index.php          接口在本站服务器,因本站流量有限请勿上传大文件谢谢!

 

 

2.html端: index.html

<meta  charset='utf-8'>
<script src="http://apps.bdimg.com/libs/jquery/1.6.4/jquery.js"></script>

<form id= "uploadForm"> 
        <p>name:<input type="text" name="name" ></p>
        <p>gender:<input type="radio" name="gender" value="1">male <input type="radio" name="gender" value="2">female</p>
        <p>photo:<input type="file" name="photo" id="photo"></p>
  <p><input type="button" link="sub"   value="提交"></p>
</form>

    <div id="result"></div>
 
<script>
 $("[link=sub]").click(function (){ 
        var data = new FormData($('#uploadForm')[0]);
        $.ajax({
            url: 'a.php',
            type: 'POST',
            data: data,
            dataType: 'json',
            cache: false,
            processData: false,
            contentType: false
        }).done(function(ret){
            if(ret['isSuccess']){
                var result = '';
                result += 'name=' + ret['name'] + '<br>';
                result += 'gender=' + ret['gender'] + '<br>';
                result += '<img src="' + ret['photo']  + '" width="100">';
                $('#result').html(result);
            }else{
                alert('提交失敗');
            }
        });
        return false;
 });


 //type=file 一旦change就上传图片
 $("[name=photo]").change(function (){
         var data = new FormData($('#uploadForm')[0]);
        $.ajax({
            url: 'a.php',
            type: 'POST',
            data: data,
            dataType: 'json',
            cache: false,
            processData: false,
            contentType: false
        }).done(function(ret){
            if(ret['isSuccess']){
                var result = '';
                result += 'name=' + ret['name'] + '<br>';
                result += 'gender=' + ret['gender'] + '<br>';
                result += '<img src="' + ret['photo']  + '" width="100">';
                $('#result').html(result);
            }else{
                alert('提交失敗');
            }
        });
        return false;
 
 });
</script>

 

 

3.html提交给自己的程序a.php (如果用js提给接口会存在跨域问题)

 

<?php
//文件路径
$file="@".$_FILES['photo']['tmp_name'];
//获取文件扩展名
$file_name_arr=pathinfo($_FILES['photo']['name']);
$file_extension=$file_name_arr['extension'];

$name=$_POST['name'];
$gender=$_POST['gender'];
$ch = curl_init();
$post_data = array(
    'name' => $name,
    'gender' => $gender,
 'file' => $file,
 'file_extension'=>$file_extension,
);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, false);
//启用时会发送一个常规的POST请求,类型为:application/x-www-form-urlencoded,就像表单提交的一样。
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER,true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS,$post_data);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);      //得到返回值且不显示在页面上
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, 'https://www.wlphp.com/myblog_demo/api/uploadfile/index.php');   //可以理解为接口地址
$info= curl_exec($ch);    //可以理解为接口返回值
curl_close($ch);
 
//完全输出接口返回值
echo $info;

 

4.php接口:

<?php
error_reporting(0);
$file_extension=$_POST['file_extension'];
$filename = "./upload/".time().time().".".$file_extension;
if(move_uploaded_file($_FILES['file']['tmp_name'], $filename)){
 $response['isSuccess'] = true;
    $response['name'] = $_POST['name'];
    $response['gender'] = $_POST['gender'];
    $response['photo'] = dirname('http://'.$_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'].':'.$_SERVER["SERVER_PORT"].$_SERVER["REQUEST_URI"]).$filename;
}else{
    $response['isSuccess'] = false;
}

echo json_encode($response);

 

 

5.演示地址:https://www.wlphp.com/myblog_demo/ajaxuploadinterface/index.html            //不支持ie低版本   ie低版本不支持 FormData 对象

 

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